- Act Now
- Open Internet
- Promoting Creativity
- Open & Accessible Technology
Internet Archive, Digital Librarian, Director and Co-founder
Harold (Hal) Abelson is Class of 1922 Professor Of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT and a Fellow of the IEEE. He holds an A.B. degree from Princeton University and a Ph.D. degree in mathematics from MIT. In 1992, Abelson was designated as one of MIT's six inaugural MacVicar Faculty Fellows, in recognition of his significant and sustained contributions to teaching and undergraduate education. Abelson was recipient in 1992 of the Bose Award (MIT's School of Engineering teaching award). Abelson is also the winner of the 1995 Taylor L. Booth Education Award given by IEEE Computer Society, cited for his continued contributions to the pedagogy and teaching of introductory computer science.
Abelson has a longstanding interest in using computation as a conceptual framework in teaching. He directed the first implementation of Logo for the Apple II, which made the language widely available on personal computers beginning in 1981; and published a widely selling book on Logo in 1982. His book "Turtle Geometry," written with Andrea diSessa in 1981, presented a computational approach to geometry has been cited as "the first step in a revolutionary change in the entire teaching/learning process."
Together with Gerald Sussman, Abelson developed MIT's introductory computer science subject, "Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs," a subject organized around the notion that a computer language is primarily a formal medium for expressing ideas about methodology, rather than just a way to get a computer to perform operations. This work, through Abelson and Sussman's popular computer science textbook, videotapes of their lectures, and the availability on personal computers of the Scheme dialect of Lisp (used in teaching the course), has had a world-wide impact on university computer-science education.
Abelson and Sussman also cooperate in codirecting the MIT Project on Mathematics and Computation, a joint project of the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science, whose goal is to create better computational tools for scientists and engineers. Together with their students, Abelson and Sussman are combining techniques from numerical computing, symbolic algebra, and heuristic programming to develop programs that not only perform massive numerical computations, but that also interpret these computations and "discuss" the results in qualitative terms. Programs such as these could form the basis for intelligent scientific instruments that monitor physical systems based upon high-level behavioral descriptions. More generally, they could lead to a new generation of computational tools that can autonomously explore complex physical systems, and which will play an important part in the future practice of science and engineering. At the same time, these programs incorporate computational formulations of scientific knowledge that can form the foundations of better ways to teach science and engineering.
The Risks of Key Recovery, Key Escrow. and Trusted Third Party Encryption
This report examines the fundamental properties of "key recovery," "key escrow," and "trusted third-party" encryption requirements and attempts to outline the technical risks, costs, and implications of deploying systems that provide government access to encryption keys.
Intellectual Property, Copyrights, and Universities
An interview with Hal Abelson on the impact of intellectual property on universities.Transformations Online Journal.
Video Lectures for Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs
The complete set of video lectures of Hal Abelson and Gerald Jay Sussman teaching their famous course based on their computer science textbook the Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs.
Scholarly Communication in a Digital World
Hal Abelson discusses the dangers of massive "propertization" in academic environments.
Ethics and Law on the Electronic Frontier
This joint class between MIT and Harvard considers the interaction between policy and technology, or more specifically, between law and various architectures of cyberspace. 1998/09/08
David Bollier is an independent strategist, journalist, and consultant specializing in progressive public policy, the impact of digital media on democratic culture, consumer rights and citizen action.
Much of Bollier's recent work has focused on developing a new analysis and language for reclaiming "the commons," the diverse array of publicly owned assets, gift-economies and natural systems that function in tandem with markets. His critique of the topic is set forth in Silent Theft: The Private Plunder of Our Common Wealth (Routledge; www.silenttheft.com).
Bollier is a Senior Fellow at the Norman Lear Center at the USC Annenberg Center for Communication and has been a public affairs and political advisor to television writer/producer Norman Lear since 1984. He is also co-founder of a new public-interest policy advocacy organization, Public Knowledge, which represents the public's stake in copyright, patent and Internet issues. Bollier consults with a variety of nonprofit organizations and foundations, has served as a rapporteur for the Aspen Institute for many years, and is the author of six books (www.bollier.org.)
Educated at Amherst College (B.A.) and Yale Law School (M.S.L.), Bollier lives in Amherst, Massachusetts.
Control of creativity? Fashion's secret
David Bollier and Laurie Racine wonder why the film and music industries battle over copyright while the fashion industry accepts derivation and appropriation as creative tools. David Bollier and Laurie Racine, Christian Science Moniter. 2003/09/09
The Cornucopia of the Commons
David Bollier on the gift economy in software development, blood donation and community gardens in New York City. David Bollier, Yes! Magazine. 2001/06/01
Reclaming the American Commons
A transcript of David Bollier's keynote speech from the New America Foundation's conference reclaiming the commons. David Bollier. 2001/03/12
Proessor of Law
Susan Crawford joined the faculty of the University of Michigan Law School on July 1, 2008. She is currently serving in the Obama Administration as a Special Assistant to the President for Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy as part of the National Economic Council, and is on government leave from her duties at the Law School, where she teaches internet law and communications law. She was a visiting professor at Michigan in 2007, and also at Yale Law School in spring 2008. She served as a member of the board of directors of ICANN from 2005-2008 and is the founder of OneWebDay, a global Earth Day for the internet that takes place each Sept. 22. Professor Crawford, a violist, received her B.A. (summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa) and J.D. from Yale University. She served as a clerk for Judge Raymond J. Dearie of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York, and was a partner at Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering (Washington, D.C.) until the end of 2002, when she left that firm to enter the legal academy.
- "Transporting Communications." B.U. L. Rev. 89, no. 3 (2009): 871-937.
- "The Radio and the Internet." Berkeley Tech. L.J. 23, no. 2 (2008): 933-1007.
- "Network Rules." Law & Contemp. Probs. 70, no. 2 (2007): 51-90.
- "Internet Think." J. Telecomm. & High Tech. L. 5, no. 2 (2007): 467-86.
- "The Internet and the Project of Communications Law." UCLA L. Rev. 55, no. 2 (2007): 359-407.
- "Who's in Charge of Who I Am? Identity and Law Online." In The State of Play: Law, Games, and Virtual Worlds, edited by J.M. Balkin and B.S. Noveck, 198-216. New York and London: New York Univ. Press, 2006. (Originally published under the same title in N.Y.L. Sch. L. Rev. 49, no. 1 (2004-2005): 211-29).
- "The Ambulance, the Squad Car, & the Internet." Berkeley Tech. L.J. 21, no. 2 (2006): 873-944.
Jesse Dylan isn’t the first director to make the jump from music videos to feature films, but he’s certainly one of the most creative and successful. He is also a prolific director at the forefront of the commercial production field. Combine these talents with his career as a photographer, and you have a portrait of an artist fluent in both the message and the medium.
Jesse began his career directing music videos for a diverse collection of groundbreaking artists that include Tom Waits, Elvis Costello, Tom Petty, and Lenny Kravitz. His most recent work includes music videos for Nelly Furtado and The Eels. Working with the Black Eyed Peas on an Internet project for Snickers, Jesse forged a bond with will.i.am, who recently sought his services again to collaborate on a project for Barack Obama. The result, a song/video/speech, the Emmy Award winning Yes We Can Song, started out virally and has been seen by tens of millions of viewers since its debut in February 2008.
Jesse’s impressive resume led to work in feature films, helming How High, American Wedding (the third installment of the American Pie franchise) and Kicking & Screaming, with Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. With his partner Craig Rodgers, Jesse created FORM, a commercial production company servicing domestic and worldwide accounts including Nike, Toyota, Nintendo, Motorola, American Express, Pizza Hut, NFL, and MTV.
Jesse is currently producing and directing an innovative new television series entitled CONversations with Ricky Jay. This one-of-a-kind series with sleight of hand artist/actor/author Ricky Jay explores the fine art of cons, frauds, and hoaxes with celebrities, experts, luminaries and fellow raconteurs. Jesse also produced Made in America for director Stacy Peralta, a documentary exploring the world of gang violence in South Los Angeles, which was included in competition at the 2008 Sundance Film Festival.
At the vanguard of the collective intelligence community, Jesse’s work includes his medical website Lybba, whose mission is based on the premise that all the world’s medical knowledge should be available free of charge in simple easy-to-understand language. He is also spearheading the development of hopeactchange.com, a community of people empowering one another to create positive change in the world.
Founder & Chief, dvRepublic
President, Black Filmmaker Foundation
Warrington Hudlin is the Founder & Chief of the dvRepublic.org online community and the President of the Black Filmmaker Foundation (BFF). Warrington Hudlin has built a distinguished career as a pioneering black filmmaker, organizer, and curator.
Warrington Hudlin has production deals with MTV Networks and Black Entertainment Televison (BET). He is currently producing IRON RING, a martial arts reality television series that premieres on BET in the Fall of 2007.
Warrington Hudlin is best known as the producer of popular feature films, HOUSE PARTY, BOOMERANG, and BEBE KIDS.
His television producing credits include the HBO award winning drama trilogy, COSMIC SLOP, and UNSTOPPABLE, a conversation with the legendary pioneers of African America cinema: Melvin Van Pebbles, and the late Gordon Parks and Ossie Davis.
Equally at home with digital media as traditional film and television, Hudlin is the Executive Producer of several online destinations including dvRepublic.org, Weapons of Misdirection.com, Changing the Frame.com, the soon to be launched, Where My Ladies At.com.
Hudlin serves as the Executive Producer of the BFF Lab (a non profit incubator of multi-cultural, socially concerned, entertainment driven, new media). With funding from the Ford Foundation, the BFF Lab commissioned digital films by a new generation of filmmakers of color including THE ANTI-VIGILANTE; THE BREACH; HATERS; and ONCE UPON A RIDE.
The first online interactive narrative produced in the BFF Lab, WEAPONS OF MISDIRECTION, was funded by the Nathan Cummings Foundation and won a 2005 Webby Award as best political website. The BFF Lab's most recent online narrative, WHERE MY LADIES AT, was funded by the Ford Foundation and will launch in the 2007.
Warrington Hudlin's success in identifying and developing new talent led to a contract with MTV networks to set up a Lab to assist with their diversity outreach during the launch of the Spike TV channel. In the lab and for the channel, Hudlin executive produced TV pilots for BIG HEAD PEOPLE; HERE COMES MUSTAFA; and WATCHMEN: DEFENDERS OF DEMOCRACY. Hudlin created and administered a Lab for The N Channel (MTV Networks) based on the same model.
Warrington Hudlin is a member of the board of trustees and guest film curator at the Museum of Moving Image in NYC. At the Museum, Hudlin curates a monthly martial arts film series: Fist & Sword.
Hudlin is a member of the International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences and is on the board of directors of Public Knowlege ( an advocacy group working to defend your rights in the emerging digital culture). He is a member of the Nielsen Media Research African American Advisory Council as well as the NYC Working Group on Diversity in Television and Film Production.
Hudlin serves on the advisory board of the Tribeca Film Institute's All Access Program, Asian Cinevision, the Coalition of Asian Pacifics in Entertainment (CAPE), Yale in Hollywood Film Festival, and the national advisory board of the Intel Computer Clubhouse.
Hudlin has programmed film festivals and series in Europe, Africa, and the Caribbean and was the co-founder and curator of the Acapulco Black Film Festival, which was held in Mexico from 1997 to 2001.
For his service to the film and television industry, Hudlin received the inaugural Diversity Award from the Mayor of the City of New York, the Melvin Van Peebles Trailblazer Award from the American Black Film Festival, the Pioneer Award from African American Women in Cinema, the Trailblazer Award from the Hip Hop Association, and the Revolution Award from Imagenation.
Warrington Hudlin is a native of East St. Louis, Illinois, and a graduate of Yale University.
Hon. Reed Hundt
Senior Advisor, McKinsey and Company
Reed E. Hundt is an advisor on information industries to McKinsey and Company, a worldwide management consulting firm. His work with McKinsey has focused on helping senior management and boards address a wide range of strategic and other leadership challenges.
He also serves on the board of directors of three publicly traded companies, Allegiance Telecom, Inc., Expedia, and Intel Corp. He is a special advisor to Blackstone Group, a New York-based private equity firm, and a venture partner at Benchmark Capital, a venture capital firm based in Menlo Park, California, specializing in investments in high-tech companies. He teaches a seminar cross-listed at the Yale Law School and the Yale School of Management, where he serves as a member of the advisory committee.
Hundt served four years as Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), from 1993 to 1997. He also helped negotiate the World Trade Organization Telecommunications agreement, opening markets in 69 countries to competition and dropping barriers to foreign investment. He is especially proud of his role in making the largest single national commitment to K-12 education in America's history: the Snowe-Rockefeller program that dedicates more than $2 billion annually to connect all classrooms in the country to the Internet.
Hundt is the author of, "You Say You Want A Revolution: A Story of Information Age Politics." (Yale University Press, 2000). He has also been Co-Chairman of The Forum on Communications and Society at The Aspen Institute.
TV Goes Digital
A background report on the DTV Transition by PBS's NewsHour featuring Gigi B. Sohn, PK's President, and Reed Hundt, former FCC Chairman who is on PK's Board of Directors. PBS. 1997/04/03
Joichi Ito is the CEO of Creative Commons. He is a co-founder and board member of Digital Garage. He is on the board of CCC and Tucows. He is a Senior Visiting Researcher of Keio Research Institute at Shonan Fujisawa Campus in Japan. He is the Chairman of Six Apart Japan the weblog software company. He is on board of a number of non-profit organizations including The Mozilla Foundation, WITNESS and Global Voices. He has created numerous Internet companies including PSINet Japan, Digital Garage and Infoseek Japan and was an early stage investor in Twitter, Six Apart, Technorati, Flickr, SocialText, Dopplr, Last.fm, Rupture, Kongregate and other Internet companies. He maintains a weblog where he regularly shares his thoughts with the online community. He is the Guild Custodian of the World of Warcraft guild, We Know.
Ito was listed by Time Magazine as a member of the “Cyber-Elite” in 1997. Ito was listed as one of the 50 “Stars of Asia” by BusinessWeek and commended by the Japanese Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications in 2000. He was selected by the World Economic Forum in 2001 as one of the “Global Leaders for Tomorrow”, chosen by Newsweek as a member of the “Leaders of The Pack” in 2005, and listed by Vanity Fair as a member of “The Next Establishment” in 2007. Ito was also named by Businessweek as one of the 25 Most Influential People on the Web in 2008.
Digital Librarian, Director and Co-founder, Internet Archive
Brewster has built technologies, companies, and institutions to advance the goal of universal access to all knowledge. He currently oversees the non-profit Internet Archive as founder and Digital Librarian, which is now one of the largest digital archives in the world.
As a digital archivist, Brewster has been active in technology, business, and law.
Keywords: MIT'82, helped start Thinking Machines, founder WAIS Wide Area Information Servers, Internet strategist AOL, co-founded Alexa Internet, sold to Amazon.com, directs Internet Archive.
Details: After graduating from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1982, he helped start a supercomputer company, Thinking Machines, that built systems for searching large text collections. In 1989, he invented the Internet's first publishing and distributed search system, WAIS (Wide Area Information Server). WAIS Inc. created the online presence for many of the world's largest publishers, and was purchased by America Online in 1995. In 1996, Brewster co-founded Alexa Internet, which provides search and discovery services included in more than 90 percent of web browsers, and was purchased by Amazon in 1999.
Brewster has also worked to revise law and policy in light technical advances. He is a board member of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, and a plaintiff in Kahle v. Gonzales (formerly Kahle v. Ashcroft), which challenges recent copyright term extensions.
Brewster is profiled in Digerati: Encounters with the Cyber Elite (HardWired, 1996). He was selected as a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2005, the AlwaysOn/Technorati Open Media 100 in 2005, the Upside 100 in 1997, the Micro Times 100 in 1996 and 1997, and the Computer Week 100 in 1995.
- Univeristy of North Carolina, School of Library and Information Science, Visiting Scholar 2006-Present
- Internet Archive, Digital Librarian, Director, Co-Founder 1996-present
- American Academy of Arts and Sciences, elected as a member in 2005
- Electronic Frontier Foundation, Board Member
- Alexa Internet, President, CEO, Co-Founder (sold to Amazon.com) 1996-2002 The Library of Congress, National Digital Strategy Advisory Board April 2001
- America Online, Internet Strategist 1995-1996
- Wide Area Information Servers, Inc (WAIS), Founder, President (sold to AOL) 1992-1995
- Thinking Machines with Apple, Dow Jones, KPMG, WAIS Inventor and Project Leader 1989-1992
- Thinking Machines, Scientist 1983-1992. Helped start company, chips, boards, architected CPU of CM2
Founder, Racine Strategy
As an entrepreneur and strategist, Laurie Racine operates from a perspective of ‘change’ — defining and implementing the mission and objectives of profit and non-profit corporations in digital technology, media, and learning — when the best approach is one that has not yet been considered.
Her increasing activity at the intersection of all these fields, led Laurie to form Racine Strategy in 2008.
Recently, Laurie co-founded Startl. Considered a ‘hothouse for innovation,’ Startl is a social enterprise with seed investment from the MacArthur, Hewlett and Gates Foundations focused on identifying talent, and accelerating and positioning new digital learning products for the market.
She is a founder of dotSUB, a technology driven media company. dotSUB is a digital platform that eliminates language as a barrier to video communication and makes it possible, through a browser, to offer radically low cost, highly flexible video content in multiple languages. dotSUB is often known for powering the TED Conference open translation project.
While founding dotSUB, Laurie was also Principal and Senior Vice President of Strategy and Business Development for the early market leader in browser based video mixing and distribution, Eyespot. She built strategic partnerships, with Lucas Films, NBA, MTV, Paramount, College Humor, Participant Productions, and Demand Media.
Prior to Eyespot, Laurie was President of a private venture and foundation, endowed by the founders of Red Hat Inc. During her tenure she launched Lulu Press, invested the seed funding in Creative Commons and co-founded Public Knowledge, the leading public interest group in Washington DC, focusing on issues of the digital age.
She has been a Senior Fellow at the Norman Lear Center of the Annenberg School of Communications, University of Southern California and was the President of Doc Arts, the corporation that produces the Full Frame Documentary Film Festival. Laurie was also the Executive Director of the Health Sector Management Program at the Fuqua School of Business of Duke University.
Laurie has edited two books, Ready To Share: Fashion and the Ownership of Creativity, and So What… About Copyright?
At present, Laurie is Chair of Teachers Without Borders and Public Knowledge. She also serves as a director on the boards of the Tribeca Film Institute, Creative Commons, and the University of California Humanities Research Council
She holds a BA from New York University and did coursework for a PhD in Human Genetics at University of California, Berkeley. She did not complete her dissertation.
creativity? Fashion's secret
David Bollier and Laurie Racine wonder why the film and music industries battle over copyright while the fashion industry accepts derivation and appropriation as creative tools. David Bollier and Laurie Racine, Christian Science Monitor. 2003/09/09
Gigi B. Sohn
President, Public Knowledge
Gigi Sohn is an internationally known communications attorney. In September 2001, she founded Public Knowledge with Laurie Racine (then President of the Center for the Public Domain) and activist/author David Bollier.
Gigi serves as PK's chief strategist, fundraiser and public face. She is frequently quoted in the New York Times, Washington Post and Wall Street Journal, as well as in trade and local press. Gigi has been published in the Washington Post, Variety, CNET and Legal Times. In addition, she has appeared on numerous television and radio programs, including the Today Show, The McNeil-Lehrer Report, C-SPAN's Washington Journal and National Public Radio's All Things Considered and Morning Edition.
Gigi is a Non-Resident Fellow at the University of Southern California Annenberg Center, and a Senior Fellow at the University of Melbourne Faculty of Law. She has been an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University and at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, Yeshiva University.
Gigi served as a Project Specialist in the Ford Foundation's Media, Arts and Culture unit and as Executive Director of the Media Access Project, a public interest law firm that represents citizens' rights before the FCC and the courts. In 1997, President Clinton appointed Gigi to serve as a member of his Advisory Committee on the Public Interest Obligations of Digital Television Broadcasters. In May 2006, the Electronic Frontier Foundation gave Gigi its Internet "Pioneer" Award.
Gigi currently serves on the board of the Telecommunications Policy Research Conference (TPRC) and Broadcasters' Child Development Center (BCDC). She is a member of the advisory board of the Future of Music Coalition and the Center for Public Integrity's "Well Connected" Telecommunications Project. Gigi served on the District of Columbia Bar Board of Governors from 1997-2000.
Gigi holds a B.S. in Broadcasting and Film, Summa Cum Laude, from the Boston University College of Communication and a J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School.
Sohn on Panel "Frontiers in Digital Video: Recent Developments in Copyright Law and the FCC's Role in Content Protection
An advanced CLE program on recent developments in digital video. 2004/11/22
Gigi B. Sohn on the Today Show
Gigi B. Sohn on the Today Show, discussing a proposed bill that would make fast-forwarding through commercials illegal. NBC. 2004/11/17
Digital Television Testimony of Gigi Sohn
Gigi Sohn's testimony before the FCC when she worked at the Media Access Project. Gigi Sohn, Media Access Project. 2004/10/18
Gigi B. Sohn at Communications Law 2004
Practicing Law Institute. 2004/10/08
Book Picks from a Knowledgeable Source
NPR asks PK President, Gigi B. Sohn, what she's planning to read this summer. NPR. 2004/07/18
Jonathan Taplin's areas of specialization are in International Communication Management and the field of digital media entertainment. Taplin began his entertainment career in 1969 as Tour Manager for Bob Dylan and The Band. In 1973 he produced Martin Scorsese's first feature film, Mean Streets which was selected for the Cannes Film Festival. Between 1974 and 1996, Taplin produced 26 hours of television documentaries (including The Prize and Cadillac Desert for PBS) and 12 feature films including The Last Waltz, Until The End of the World, Under Fire and To Die For. His films were nominated for Oscar and Golden Globe awards and chosen for The Cannes Film Festival seven times.
In 1984 Taplin acted as the investment advisor to the Bass Brothers in their successful attempt to save Walt Disney Studios from a corporate raid. This experience brought him to Merrill Lynch, where he served as vice president of media mergers and acquisitions. In this role, he helped re-engineer the media landscape on transactions such as the leveraged buyout of Viacom. Taplin was a founder of Intertainer and has served as its Chairman and CEO since June 1996. Intertainer was the pioneer video-on-demand company for both cable and broadband Internet markets. Taplin holds two patents for video on demand technologies.
Mr. Taplin graduated from Princeton University. He is a member of the Academy Of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and sits on the advisory board of the Democracy Collaborative at the University of Maryland.
The IPTV Revolution
The IPTV Revolution, presented at "The Network Society and the Knowledge Economy: Portugal in the Global Context", a seminar convened in Lisbon, Portugal, by His Excellency the President of the Portuguese Republic, Dr. Jorge Sampaio. Jonathan Taplin. 2005/06/01
Conventional wisdom would suggest that the rise of a U.S.-centric knowledge economy would lead to a world where American economic and cultural forces continue to dominate. But what if that vision is a misreading of the current moment in history? Perhaps the age of the large-scale hierarchical enterprise such as Time Warner or Pfizer is at its zenith and the forces of the digital revolution are about to introduce an era of profound devolution where power is surrendered to local units from vast centralized Knowledge distribution conglomerates. Jonathan Taplin. 2005/06/01