Today, the U.S. Senate passed the Music Modernization Act of 2018 with substantial revisions to protect and foster the public domain for sound recordings. Earlier versions of the bill contained a version of the CLASSICS Act that would have kept recordings from as early as 1923 out of public hands until 2067.
Today, the European Parliament voted to amend the Copyright Directive to force platform companies to create content-upload filters and pay media organizations a link tax. Public Knowledge specifically opposes policies like Article 13 and Article 11. Once adopted by Europe, there is a substantial danger that this idea might be adopted around the world.
Today, Public Knowledge joins 17 rural, consumer, community media, tech rights, academic, and civil rights groups in launching Broadband Connects America, a coalition dedicated to ensuring all Americans have access to high-speed broadband.
Public Knowledge welcomes Charlotte Slaiman, Policy Counsel, to our team to focus on competition issues and digital platforms. She holds a J.D. from New York University School of Law and a B.A. in Government from the University of Virginia.
Yesterday, the California State Assembly passed SB 822, a comprehensive Open Internet bill that will grant California residents the strongest net neutrality protections in the nation if it becomes law. The bipartisan bill passed 61-18 and will now return to the Senate before being sent to Governor Jerry Brown to sign or veto. Public Knowledge welcomes the bill and applauds California’s net neutrality activists for urging their state lawmakers to protect consumers over broadband providers.
Today, Public Knowledge, joined by Common Cause, Consumers Union, New America’s Open Technology Institute, and Writers Guild of America West filed a petition with the Federal Communications Commission asking the agency to deny the proposed merger of T-Mobile and Sprint.
Today, President Trump announced that the United States has reached an agreement in principle with Mexico during negotiations on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), including a variety of provisions on intellectual property. At present, Public Knowledge understands that the agreement would require a minimum copyright term amounting to the life of the author plus 75 years. If enacted, this would effectively extend the copyright terms in existing U.S. law.
Last Friday, Public Knowledge joined Common Cause, Center for Rural Strategies, and Benton Foundation in filing comments with the Federal Communications Commission’s Wireline Competition Bureau in response to a Public Notice seeking comment on the state of fixed wireline competition.
Today, Public Knowledge and other petitioners will file a brief arguing that the Federal Communications Commission’s reclassification of broadband as an ‘information service’ and its repeal of important Open Internet protections was unlawful.
Today, Tribune Media has announced that it has terminated its 3.9 billion merger agreement with Sinclair Broadcasting Group and that it has filed a lawsuit against Sinclair for breach of contract. The withdrawal follows the Federal Communications Commission’s move to send the merger to an administrative law judge.
Today, the Federal Communications Commission voted to approve a Report and Order on “one-touch, make-ready wireline infrastructure.” The Order creates a one-touch, make-ready option for simple make-ready work that allows a single crew hired by the new provider to do all of the make-ready work at one time.
Today, Public Knowledge joins more than 100 civil rights, digital justice, consumer advocacy, and community-based organizations in a statement opposing the adoption of algorithmic risk assessment tools, which use artificial intelligence to determine an accused individual’s bail. Public Knowledge contends that these tools often rely on biased data to forecast an individual’s likelihood of appearance at trial and/or risk to public safety.
Today, the New York Public Service Commission has revoked its previous approval of the Charter/Time Warner Cable merger, finding among other things that Charter has failed to meet its broadband buildout requirements. Unless overturned, this action will mean that Charter will no longer be permitted to operate in the state of New York.
Reports indicate that Mike Coffman (R-CO) will sign the Congressional Review Act resolution’s discharge petition today to restore the Federal Communications Commission’s net neutrality rules. Rep. Coffman will be the first House Republican to sign the discharge petition to force a vote on the CRA resolution to restore net neutrality. Rep. Coffman also introduced a bill that would restore the FCC’s 2015 net neutrality rules as well as the agency’s authority over broadband.
Yesterday, President Trump nominated Judge Brett Kavanaugh as the next Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Public Knowledge finds this nomination extremely troubling for the future of consumer protection and competition law based on Judge Kavanaugh’s extremely expansive view of corporate speech rights and expressed antipathy to economic regulation.
Today, the Senate Judiciary Committee marked up Senator Orrin Hatch’s (R-UT) bill, “The Music Modernization Act,” (S.R. 2334) to update the music licensing marketplace. Public Knowledge urges Congress to continue to fix and improve the Music Modernization Act to rationalize the copyright system and protect historians, libraries, archivists, and consumers.
Today, Public Knowledge and Common Cause filed with the Federal Communications Commission a Request to Hold In Abeyance on the Sinclair-Tribune merger pending the outcome of the D.C. Circuit’s review of the FCC’s Order reinstating the UHF discount.
Public Knowledge President Gene Kimmelman will testify before the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights Wednesday, June 27 at 2:30 p.m. His testimony in the hearing on “Game of Phones: Examining the Competitive Impact of the T-Mobile/Sprint Transaction” will argue that both Sprint and T-Mobile have aggressively competed with each other since the government rejected the proposed AT&T/T-Mobile merger in 2011.
This week, Public Knowledge leads a group of public interest and racial justice allies in welcoming net neutrality advocates from across the United States to Washington, D.C. for a “Day of Advocacy.” Volunteers plan to express how important net neutrality is to their lives, schools, and businesses and why Congress should support the Congressional Review Act resolution to reinstate the FCC’s strong net neutrality rules. More than 50 participants volunteered to share their stories in scheduled meetings with their representatives on Capitol Hill.
Today, the First Department of the Supreme Court, Appellate Division of the State of New York held that the Federal Communications Commission has not preempted states from enforcing laws “that prevent fraud, deception and false advertising” with respect to broadband practices.
Today, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia issued its decision in United States v AT&T, with Judge Richard J. Leon ruling that the the $85 billion AT&T-Time Warner merger can go forward.
Today, June 11, marks the end of the Federal Communications Commission’s net neutrality rules. The agency created the rules in its landmark 2015 Open Internet Order, which prevented internet service providers from blocking websites, throttling connection speeds, or engaging in paid prioritization schemes to charge for “fast lane” access. The FCC, led by Chairman Ajit Pai, voted to repeal the rules in December 2017, ignoring millions of Americans who urged the agency to put people first by keeping the rules.
Today, the Federal Communications Commission voted to approve a Report and Order on “Slamming and Cramming Rules.” The Order extends existing FCC rules that protect consumers using traditional telephone service from unauthorized changes in their long-distance telephone provider (“slamming”) or including unauthorized charges on a customer’s telephone bill (“cramming”).
Today, the Federal Communications Commission voted to approve a Third Report and Order, Memorandum Opinion and Order, and Third Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking as part of its efforts to make additional millimeter wave (“mmW”) spectrum available for mobile broadband, and other uses, and enable deployment of 5G wireless networks.
Today, the Federal Communications Commission voted to approve a Second Report and Order on “Accelerating Wireline Broadband Deployment” to further eliminate consumer protections previously adopted by the Commission to ensure phone carriers provided notice and access to replacement services when discontinuing legacy services.
Yesterday, reports surfaced that Facebook formed data-sharing partnerships with device makers, enabling companies like Amazon and Apple to access Facebook users’ and their friends’ data -- without those friends’ consent. Reports indicate that the shared data includes data pertaining to users who expressly denied Facebook permission to share their information with any third parties.
Yesterday, the Department of Homeland Security and Department of Commerce jointly published a “Report to the President” entitled, “Enhancing the Resilience of the Internet and Communications Ecosystem Against Botnets and Other Automated, Distributed Threats.”
Today, Public Knowledge Senior Counsel John Bergmayer will join a Department of Justice roundtable on anticompetitive regulations at 10:30 a.m. During the roundtable, Public Knowledge will highlight a number of areas where outdated rules prop up old ways of doing business and unnecessarily -- and unfairly -- benefit large broadcasting chains like Sinclair and Tribune Broadcasting.
Last Friday, Public Knowledge filed comments on the Federal Election Commission’s recent Notice of Proposed Rulemaking entitled, “Internet Communications Disclaimers and Definition of ‘Public Communication’.” The NPRM proposes two different methods for adding disclaimer requirements to online election ads. Public Knowledge contends that strengthening these requirements will help enable voters to make informed choices based on online ads.
Today, Senator Wyden (D-OR) introduced the ACCESS to Recordings Act, which would extend federal copyright protection to pre-1972 sound recordings, and in doing so, harmonize them with their modern counterparts. Public Knowledge applauds Senator Wyden for acknowledging the injustices posed by the current system and fighting to rationalize our copyright law.
Yesterday, the Federal Communications Commission announced that the agency will consider a Second Report and Order on “Accelerating Wireline Broadband Deployment” to further eliminate consumer protections previously adopted by the Commission to ensure phone carriers provided notice and access to replacement services when discontinuing legacy services.
Today, the United States Senate voted to pass a Congressional Review Act resolution to reinstate the Federal Communications Commission’s net neutrality rules. If passed by the House and signed by President Trump, the CRA would roll back the agency’s 2017 vote to repeal the 2015 Open Internet Order. The D.C. Circuit Court upheld the FCC’s Open Internet Order not just once, but twice.
Yesterday, more than 40 intellectual property law professors sent a letter to the Senate Judiciary Committee’s Chairman Chuck Grassley (R-IA), Ranking Member Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), and all members of the committee, urging them to reject or, at a minimum, amend the CLASSICS Act to ensure that its provisions are in line with existing federal copyright law.
Today, Public Knowledge sent a letter to the House Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit Subcommittee of the House Financial Services Committee opposing the Data Acquisition and Technology Accountability and Security Act, which Subcommittee Chairman Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-MO) has indicated he plans to move imminently. In the letter, Public Knowledge urges Congress to pass strong consumer protection legislation and analyzes many concerns with this narrow bill.
Today, the Senate Judiciary Committee marked up Senator Chuck Grassley (R-IA) and Bob Corker’s (R-TN) bipartisan bill to amend the U.S. Copyright Act to ensure compliance with the Marrakesh Treaty adopted by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2013.
Today, Senator Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) filed a discharge petition to force the Senate to vote on a Congressional Review Act resolution to reinstate the agency’s net neutrality rules. The CRA would roll back the agency’s 2017 vote to repeal the 2015 Open Internet Order, rules which the D.C. Circuit Court upheld not once, but twice.
The state of New York is suing Charter over alleged deceptive statements regarding internet speed. Yesterday, Public Knowledge submitted an amicus brief explaining the importance of broadband to consumers, and how consumers rely on accurate information from their broadband providers to make informed decisions.
Today, Sprint Corporation and T-Mobile U.S. Inc. announced plans to merge to form a massive wireless carrier. The combination would reduce the number of national wireless carriers from four to three. Just as the Department of Justice and the Federal Communications Commission concluded when the government rejected AT&T’s 2011 attempt to acquire T-Mobile, such a drastic reduction in competition is likely to harm competition and increase costs for consumers.
Yesterday, the U.S. House of Representatives voted to pass the Music Modernization Act (2018), a combination of the consumer-friendly Music Modernization Act (2017) and the CLASSICS Act, which seeks to create a “right to be paid” for pre-1972 sound recordings without fully federalizing these works.
Today, Public Knowledge joins Consumers Union and Center for Democracy & Technology in a letter urging the Global System Mobile Association (GSMA) to preserve consumers’ ownership and portability rights over their mobile devices.
Today, the United States Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the United States Patent and Trademark Office's “inter partes review” process in Oil States v. Greene’s Energy. Public Knowledge, joined by the Electronic Frontier Foundation, Engine Advocacy, and R Street Institute, filed an amicus brief in this case in 2017.
Today, reports indicate that the Department of Justice is investigating alleged collusion between AT&T and Verizon at GSMA, a standards-setting body. The alleged collusion would make it more difficult for consumers to move from one carrier to another.
Today, we’re happy to announce our newest white paper, “Securing the Modern Economy: Transforming Cybersecurity Through Sustainability,” by Public Knowledge Cybersecurity Policy Director Megan Stifel. The paper argues that the current approach to cybersecurity -- compliance-based and narrowly-focused risk management -- has failed to protect the online ecosystem as well as public trust in technology and the internet. Enter: cybersecurity sustainability.
Today, FCC Commissioner Mignon Clyburn announced her resignation after almost a decade of experience serving at the agency. She has staunchly protected consumers, net neutrality, and the economically and socially disenfranchised during her tenure.
Today, the Federal Communications Commission voted to approve a Report and Order and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking that will adopt new measures to ensure that calls are completed in rural America. Public Knowledge supports the quick action by the FCC but cautions against removing reporting requirements until the Commission knows the rural call completion problem is solved.
Today, the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit issued a ruling in the ongoing Oracle v. Google litigation. The case involves the Java programming language’s application programming interface (“API”). First, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit overturned the district court and ruled that Oracle could assert a copyright over this API. Public Knowledge disagreed with this ruling.
Last week, Public Knowledge filed reply comments on the Federal Communications Commission’s recent Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and Notice of Inquiry entitled, “Bridging the Digital Divide for Low-Income Consumers.” The NPRM & NOI propose to eliminate affordable broadband choices for millions of low-income and vulnerable families that participate in the Lifeline program.
Recently, reports surfaced that Cambridge Analytica, a political consulting firm that supported President Trump’s campaign, maintained copies of private data for about 50 million Facebook users without the majority of these users’ knowledge or consent. Public Knowledge finds Facebook’s lack of consumer privacy protection particularly egregious in this case and urges Congress to protect consumers by returning control of personal data to Americans.
Recently, bipartisan leadership of the Senate Judiciary and Foreign Relations Committees, Chairmen Chuck Grassley (R-IA) and Bob Corker (R-TN), as well as Ranking Members Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) and Bob Menendez (D-NJ), introduced the Marrakesh Treaty Implementation Act (S. 2559).
Recently, Sen. Mark R. Warner (D-VA), Vice Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, urged policymakers to develop a national cybersecurity strategy at the South by Southwest Conference (SXSW). Sen. Warner asked lawmakers to reexamine software liability terms and use federal purchasing power to drive minimum security standards for Internet of Things devices in formulating such a strategy.
Today, Consumer Federation of America, in collaboration with Public Knowledge, published a paper explaining why the government’s case against the AT&T-Time Warner merger is both warranted and consistent with past enforcement practices. The paper also demonstrates the necessity of the case to prevent possible coordination among dominant firms that would likely thwart the development and expansion of innovative online video platforms as well as cheaper alternatives to traditional cable and satellite services.
Today, Sen. Tammy Duckworth (D-IL) introduced the Inmate Calling Technical Corrections Act of 2018, which would clarify the Federal Communications Commission’s authority to cap intrastate inmate calling rates and address a market failure to protect American families who communicate with prisoners, inmates and detainees.
Today, Public Knowledge sent a letter to the Senate Judiciary Committee’s Chairman Chuck Grassley (R-IA) and Ranking Member Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), and to the House Judiciary Committee’s Chairman Bob Goodlatte (R-VA) and Ranking Member Jerrold Nadler (D-NY).
Today, the full Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals issued its Federal Trade Commission v. AT&T Mobility decision, determining that the FTC still has the authority to bring enforcement actions against companies regulated by the Federal Communications Commission for their “non-common carrier” activities.
Today, the Federal Register published the Federal Communications Commission’ “Restoring Internet Freedom” Order. The Order rolls back the agency’s net neutrality rules, and abandons the agency’s longstanding, bipartisan commitment to broadband oversight, including protecting the Open Internet and ensuring that internet service providers do not discriminate against online content or services. Public Knowledge is filing suit in federal court to challenge this action today.
Recently, Public Knowledge filed a protective petition in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit to protect its rights in the event that, as happened in previous litigation, the multidistrict lottery was conducted early. The multidistrict lottery determines which court Federal Communications Commission appeals may be heard in when challenges are filed in multiple courts.
Today, Rep. Leonard Lance (NJ-R) and Rep. Mike Doyle (PA-D) introduced the Advancing Innovation and Reinvigorating Widespread Access to Viable Electromagnetic Spectrum, or “AIRWAVES,” Act. The AIRWAVES Act is the House companion to S.1682.
Public Knowledge will host a briefing on privacy legislation February 5 from 2 - 3 p.m. at the Dirksen Senate Office Building. The briefing, “Privacy Protections in the Post-Equifax Era,” will outline privacy legislation expected for 2018 and review lessons learned from the 2017 Equifax data breach.
Today, AT&T placed full-page advertisements in various papers urging Congress to pass an “Internet Bill of Rights” to “provide consistent rules of the road for all internet companies.” Public Knowledge contends that Americans had strong, consistent net neutrality rules until Federal Communications Commission Chairman Ajit Pai repealed them, and finds AT&T’s vague commitments insufficient for a bill.
Yesterday, Public Knowledge filed comments on the Federal Communications Commission’s recent Public Notice on the agency’s 2017 hurricane season response efforts. The FCC’s Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau sought comments on how to improve the agency’s response to natural disasters with a focus on repairing telecommunications infrastructure damaged by Hurricanes Maria and Irma last year.
Yesterday, Public Knowledge and Center for Rural Strategies filed comments on the Federal Communications Commission’s recent Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on dismantling the agency’s consumer protections established in the 2015 and 2016 Technology Transitions Orders. The FCC voted to roll back a multitude of these consumer protections last fall.
Today, Congresswoman Anna Eshoo (D-CA) and Congressman David B. McKinley (R-WV) introduced the Broadband Conduit Deployment Act of 2018, which is substantially identical to the 2015 bill of the same name.
Public Knowledge welcomes Allie Bohm, Policy Counsel, to our team to focus on government affairs work in key issue areas including broadband policy, privacy, artificial intelligence, and other tech policy initiatives. She holds a J.D., magna cum laude, from Georgetown University Law Center, and a B.A., magna cum laude, in Peace & Justice Studies, English, and Dance from Tufts University.
Today, Senators Mark R. Warner (D-VA) and Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) introduced the Data Breach Prevention and Compensation Act to hold credit reporting agencies like Equifax accountable for data breaches that jeopardize consumer data.
Today, Public Knowledge sent a letter to Makan Delrahim, Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice, reiterating concerns raised by RCN and Senator Richard Blumenthal regarding Comcast’s compliance with the consent decree controlling its 2011 acquisition of NBC Universal. The consent decree is set to expire next year.
Today, Representative Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) introduced a bill in response to the Federal Communications Commission’s repeal of net neutrality last week. The bill would prevent Internet Service Providers from blocking and throttling online content, but would still allow for paid prioritization of content, and would remove almost all other FCC consumer protection authority over broadband networks.
Today, Senator Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) announced plans to introduce a Congressional Review Act resolution to undo today’s Federal Communications Commission vote to roll back the agency’s 2015 net neutrality rules. The rules prevented broadband providers from blocking websites, throttling web traffic, or creating “fast lanes” only for those able to pay for prioritization. Joined by 15 senators, a CRA would restore the agency’s 2015 Open Internet Order, which the D.C. Circuit Court upheld not once, but twice. Public Knowledge commends Sen. Markey for continuing his efforts to protect net neutrality for all Americans.
Today, the Federal Communications Commission voted to approve a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to modify or eliminate the 39 percent national audience reach cap that prevents broadcast stations from owning too much of the market. The NPRM will also seek comment on the UHF discount used by broadcast television station groups to calculate compliance with the audience reach cap.
Today, the Federal Communications Commission voted to adopt FCC Chairman Pai’s “Restoring Internet Freedom” proposal, walking away from the agency’s longstanding commitment to protecting the Open Internet and ensuring that broadband providers do not discriminate against internet content or services. Chairman Pai’s proposal to repeal the net neutrality rules is a deeply troubling and radical break from an almost 20 years of bipartisan FCC tradition of protecting the Open Internet.
Today, Walt Disney Co. announced a deal to acquire significant programming assets from 21st Century Fox Inc. The deal would unite two substantial content companies and mark the second media mega-merger to face antitrust scrutiny next year. Public Knowledge contends that this merger may pose harms to competition and consumers by further consolidating must-have programming assets and major motion picture studios, and ultimately leading to consumers paying higher prices for video content.
Today, Public Knowledge President Gene Kimmelman submitted a statement to the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary’s Subcommittee on Antitrust, Competition, and Consumer Rights. His statement in the December 13 hearing on “The Consumer Welfare Standard in Antitrust: Outdated or a Harbor in a Sea of Doubt?” contends we need more than antitrust law to promote market competition that benefits consumers.
Today, the Federal Trade Commission and the Federal Communications Commission announced an agreement to coordinate consumer protections following the FCC’s Dec. 14 vote to roll back the agency’s net neutrality rules.
Today, Public Knowledge, joined by The Greenlining Institute, The Utility Reform Network, and National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates, filed a Petition for Review with the Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. The petition asks the court to reverse and vacate the Federal Communications Commission’s November Order rolling back the agency’s consumer protections for Americans on legacy copper phone lines.
Today, Public Knowledge launched a new white paper, “Principles for Privacy Legislation: Putting People Back in Control of Their Information,” by Senior Vice President Harold Feld. The paper recommends four guiding principles for Congress to consider before crafting any online privacy legislation in order to create the strongest protections for consumers.
Amazon and Google are putting consumers in the middle of a corporate battle between the two technology giants. According to the reports, Google has blocked YouTube from the Amazon Echo Show, and will be removing its YouTube app from Amazon’s Fire TV. This is in response to Amazon refusing to carry certain Google hardware products in its store. Public Knowledge contends that this behavior by major platforms jeopardizes consumer choice.
Today, Public Knowledge joined 40 other consumer protection groups, digital divide advocates, and local government agencies -- including New York City -- in a letter urging Federal Communications Commission Chairman Ajit Pai to delay the vote on the “Restoring Internet Freedom” Draft Order, which would roll back the agency’s net neutrality rules if adopted. Specifically, the groups propose the FCC delay the vote until a pending court case before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit -- the en banc review in Federal Trade Commission v. AT&T Mobility -- resolves.
Today, the Federal Communications Commission Chairman Ajit Pai published the agency’s “Restoring Internet Freedom” draft Order that would roll back the agency’s 2015 Open Internet Order, which created strong net neutrality rules that force broadband providers to treat all internet content and services equally.
Today, the Federal Communications Commission Chairman Ajit Pai circulated a “Restoring Internet Freedom” draft Order that would roll back the agency’s 2015 Open Internet Order, which created strong net neutrality rules that force broadband providers to treat all internet content and services equally.
Today, the Department of Justice filed a lawsuit against the proposed merger of AT&T and Time Warner. Public Knowledge supports this lawsuit because this $108 billion merger would harm the American public by inflating prices, harming competition, and reducing programming opportunities for diverse media voices.
Today, the Federal Communications Commission voted to approve a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking that proposes eliminating the mandatory reporting form (“Form 325”) the FCC uses to track cable prices and subscriber information. The FCC is required by law to report annually to Congress on both cable pricing and competition in the cable industry.
Today, the Federal Communications Commission voted to approve a Report and Order and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on adopting the ATSC 3.0 standard developed by the broadcast industry, termed “Next-Gen TV.”
Today, the Federal Communications Commission voted to approve an Order on Reconsideration and Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on media consolidation. This order eliminated rules that limit any one entity from owning too many newspaper, radio, and television entities within a local market. These rules were essential in helping to protect viewpoint diversity, locally created content, and competition.
Today, the Federal Communications Commission voted to approve a Fourth Report and Order, Order on Reconsideration, Memorandum Opinion and Order, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, and Notice of Inquiry that would immediately eliminate affordable broadband choices for residents living on Tribal lands, and begin consideration of proposals that amount to an unprecedented rollback of America’s longstanding commitment to universal service and affordable basic telecommunications services for low-income families.
Today, the Federal Communications Commission voted to approve a Report and Order, Declaratory Ruling, and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and Order to roll back consumer protections established in the agency’s 2015 Technology Transitions Order.